Creating a sub-theme is really very simple. A sub-theme inherits a lot of the design resources from its parent theme. We can have multiple sub-themes inheriting only one base theme.
It is important to know that what a sub-theme inherits from its parent theme.
A sub theme will inherit:
- All style sheets
- Template files
- Functions and overrides defined in the template.php
A sub-theme will not inherit:
- Logos and Favicons
- Block regions
- Advanced theme settings
Creating a sub theme
- Theme Directory: Create a directory in your custom theme directory in the same way you create a theme. Give it a name. For example: mysubtheme.
- .info file: Create an .info file in the directory mysubtheme as similar to the parent theme. The only difference will be the following line:
base theme = theme_name<
- Logo: Add the logo in the sub-theme directory.
- Screenshot: Theme screenshot is inherited from the base’s theme. To override the same, just create a new screenshot.png in the sub theme directory.
- Style Sheets: You must declare at least one stylesheet in your sub-theme for any of the parent theme's stylesheets to be inherited. To override any particular css file (for instance, style.css), add the following line in your .info file and add a new css file with the same name in your sub-theme’s directory.
stylesheets[all] = style.css
scripts = script.js
- Regions: You can declare a new set of regions in the sub-theme. To inherit the custom regions of the parent theme, the regions should be copied in the sub-theme’s .info file.
- Template Files: You can add any template files in your sub theme. If the template file is found in your sub-theme’s directory, then Drupal will override the parent’s template files. Otherwise, it will use the parent’s template files.
- Images: The images used in the theme can also be copied in the sub theme directory. If the image is found in your sub-theme’s directory then Drupal will override the parent theme’s image with the same name. Otherwise, it will use the parent’s image.